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The discovery of two antiquities near the site of Bahrain Castle
The discovery of two antiquities near the site of Bahrain Castle

The archaeological excavations team at the Department of Antiquities and Museums discovered in an area near the Bahrain Fort site (about 600 meters south of the site) during the past week, two unique artifacts

The archaeological excavations team at the Department of Antiquities and Museums discovered in an area near the Bahrain Fort site (about 600 meters south of the site) during the past week, two unique artifacts, and the team noted that these two pieces, made of clay, are Greek artifacts, usually found in buildings. public or private and sometimes they are deposited in graves as offerings. Both are identical and represent a female head decorated with curly hair and surmounted by a vase known by the Greek name kalathos (“basket”). The upper pot was used to place charcoal and burn incense, and it has a conical base that supports these incense burners.

These two pieces date from the second century BC, an early stage of the Tylos culture, and were not frequently represented on the island of Bahrain. However, some similar artifacts were found many years ago in the Hellenistic citadel on Failaka Island in Kuwait. These pieces trace back to a very popular tradition of the ancient Hellenistic, Greek and Roman period, and are known as the "woman's head dressed in calathos". "Calathos", meaning "basket" in Greek, is the exact name used to name the bowl at the top of these heads. This tradition spreads from the eastern Mediterranean to Iran, to include Greece, Cyprus, Ptolemaic Egypt, Iraq and the Arabian Gulf (Failaka and Bahrain). Depending on the places, the representations are different, the style is different, but the traditions remain the same.

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