Some countries grant citizenship to children who are born on their land, in their airspace, or on a plane belonging to their airlines. The United States of America and Canada are among the most prominent countries granting citizenship in this way, where the birth of the child is registered according to the geographical location. If it is within the borders of the country’s land or In its airspace or on board its plane, he is granted citizenship. In this case, the captain of the plane writes a form in which to prove the state of birth, as those countries apply United Nations conventions to limit the number of stateless people around the world and therefore grant the right of citizenship to everyone who was born in their airspace or on the planes of Airlines affiliated aviation.
Meanwhile, the administration of former US President Donald Trump worked seriously to end granting US citizenship to anyone born in the United States, who were not the children of citizens.
Trump singled out the children of illegal immigrants residing on the country's territory, and said: "We are looking at this very seriously. They cross the border and give birth." And the former US president continued sarcastically: "..Congratulations, the newborn has become an American citizen.. Frankly, it is ridiculous."
This is not the first time that Trump has expressed his strong desire to stop granting citizenship in accordance with birth on the country's lands, as he stated in late 2018 that he would sign an executive decision to do so, while experts warned that this decision contradicts the Constitution of the United States.
Here is a list of countries that grant citizenship to any child born on their territory:
Antigua and Barbuda
Saint Christopher and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
United States of America
Trinidad and Tobago
No European country grants citizenship to children born on its territory, and the reason is due to the desire to preserve ethnic roots. For example, in order for a child to obtain French citizenship, he must have reached the age of 18 and resided in the country for at least 5 years, And that he was born there. In order for the child to obtain German citizenship, he must live in Germany for 8 years.
For Italy, Spain, Ireland and Britain, a child can obtain citizenship only if he was born on the territory of one of these countries in addition to the fact that one of the parents was also born on the territory of these countries, while Denmark has the most complex conditions.